Fundamental Principles Related to
IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America
“… Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government …”
– from the second paragraph of the United States Declaration of Independence –
Constitution of the State Of Arkansas of 1874
Declaration of Rights
2. Freedom and independence.
All men are created equally free and independent, and have certain inherent and inalienable rights; amongst which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; of acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and reputation; and of pursuing their own happiness. To secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
22. Property rights – Taking without just compensation prohibited.
The right of property is before and higher than any constitutional sanction; and private property shall not be taken, appropriated or damaged for public use, without just compensation therefor.
28. Tenure of lands.
All lands in this State are declared to be allodial; and feudal tenures of every description, with all their incidents, are prohibited.
(Allodial – Free; not holden of any lord or superior, owned without obligation of vassalage or fealty; the opposite of feudal –Black’s Law Dictionary-Sixth Edition)
29. Enumeration of rights of people not exclusive of other rights – Protection against encroachment.
This enumeration of rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people; and to guard against any encroachments on the rights herein retained, or any transgression of any of the higher powers herein delegated, we declare that everything in this article is excepted out of the general powers of the government; and shall forever remain inviolate; and that all laws contrary thereto, or to the other provisions herein contained, shall be void.
— www.July4.org —